Estates Turkey : What is (Tapu) Title Deed
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What is (Tapu) Title Deed


What is TAPU?
 
If you buy a house in Turkey, you won't get a copy of the purchase contract as in the UK. You get a TAPU instead, a 'Title Deed' in English. A TAPU is an extract from the Turkish real estate registry. This property registry, also known as TAPU office, is comparable to the Land Register in the UK. On the TAPU you will find in short the following information: location, a photograph of the owner, type of TAPU, data of the property and archiving data.
There are red and blue TAPU's.
A red TAPU is for a common hold (Condominium in the US). You get a red TAPU if you buy an apartment in an apartment complex or a house in a project.
A blue TAPU can have different legal meanings:
1. Farmland
2. Building land
3. Building land. There's already a house on the plot
A blue TAPU is not a common hold.
Most foreigners who buy a house in Turkey will receive a red TAPU. The red TAPU is, therefore, the subject of this article.
 
There are 2 types of red TAPU's. The first red TAPU is of the type 'Irtifaki Kat'. This type indicates that you legally own the land and the unfinished building.
 
You receive the second red TAPU at the end of the buying process when you sign the contract at the TAPU office. This TAPU is of the type 'Kat Mülkiyeti' and indicates that you are the legal owner of the land and the finished building.
 
Obtaining a TAPU of type 'Kat Mülkiyeti' is a lengthy process with pitfalls and obstacles. Foreigners should hire an independent lawyer to guide them through the buying process. Underneath I have added some links to English speaking lawyers operating in Turkey.
 
The TAPU is a snapshot and may be outdate. So rely never solely on the information on a TAPU but always check the data in the Land Register.
 
Although the TAPU is no more than an extract from the Land Register, it still has great symbolic value. With a TAPU, you can realy call yourself the owner of your home.
 
Translation and meaning of the terms on the red TAPU
The red TAPU consists of 3 parts:
A. Main Real Estate Section. Location Details of the apartment building or project.
B. Independent Unit Section
C. Archiving data, stamp and signature of the TAPU official.
 
A. Main Real Estate Section. Location Details of the apartment building or project.
 
 1 İli Province
2 İlçesi (Borough, district or town)
3 Mahallesi (Parish, quarter)
4 Köyü (Village)
5 Sokagi (Street)
6 Mevkii (Location)
7 Fotograf (Photo)
8 Pafta No (Map Number Land Registry)
9 Ada No (Plot Number on Map)
10 Parsel No (Parcel Number on Map)
11 Niteligi (Type of Property) ("Building" or "building land")
12 Ha Hectares
13 M2 Sq.meters
14 Dm2 Sq.decim.'s
15 Siniri (Boundaries of the parcel)
 
B. Independent Unit Section
 
16 Kat Mülkiyeti (Ownership of real property rights for land and the finished building on the land)
17 Kat Irtifaki (Ownership of real property rights for land and the unfinished building on the land)
18 Devre Mülk (Time share Fractional/timed ownership (the independent unit is owned just for a certain period of a year)
19 Satis bedeli (Purchase price. Make sure that this is the actual price otherwise you run the risk of a substantial fine for tax evasion).
20 Niteligi (Type of Property) ("Building" or "building land")
21 Arsa Payi (Share in land shown as Share/Total)
22 Blok No. (Block (Building, Mansion) Number)
23 Kat No. (Floor Number)
24 Bagimsiz bölüm No. (Apartment, house number)
25 Edinme sebebi (The reason why the property is being acquired. For example, 'Sales', 'Donation' or 'Legacy'. Including the particulars of the buyer and seller.)
26 Sahibi (Name of Owner or Owners. More than one person can own the same property. In this case, their respective shares are to be shown in this section.)
 
C. Archiving data, stamp and signature of the TAPU official.
 
27Cilt No.Binder No. (First coordinate of the location of the sales contract in the Public Registry)
28 Sahife No. (Page No. Second coordinate of the location of the sales contract in the Public Registry)
29 Sira No. (Entry No. Third coordinate of the location of the sales contract in the Public Registry)
30 Tarihi (Date of registration)
31 Yevmiye No. (Transaction Number. Each transaction is assigned a unique number.)
32 Siciline uygundur (Appropriated for registration. Stamp and signature of the official of the Public Registry)